The Three Pillars of Data Security

Data security is the protection of organizational data and systems against unauthorized access, modification and use. This helps prevent data breaches that could result in disruption to business operations financial losses as well as compliance penalties and reputational damage. Modern approaches to data protection include a combination tools, methods and best practices that are based on three pillars: Confidentiality and Integrity.

The first step to effective data security is to create and maintaining an inventory and mapping of your data sets. This involves cataloguing all data stored in your data centers, storage devices that are network-attached and mobile devices, desktops, cloud services offered by third-party companies and software applications. It’s also important to consider physical storage devices like external hard drives, USB sticks, as well as removed printed documents and printed files. They are often ignored, but can contain a wealth of confidential data. Cybercriminals will make use of this.

Once you’ve gained insight into your data sets the next step is to classify your sensitive data so that you know the nature and location of it within your infrastructure. This will enable you to prioritize security efforts, making sure that only the most important data is protected and information that is not as critical is readily accessible. This allows you to comply with the requirements of regulatory and industry, such as those pertaining to the health care, finance and telecommunications industry.

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